The relationship between intralogistics and extra logistics is packaging technology. Learn more about package design and functionalities by reading this article!

Packing technology allows items to be moved by using one or more layers of packaging material to move them from one place to another. It is made for a specific item and a specific way of getting there. Packaging technology is always guided by the idea that “as little packaging as possible with as much packaging as necessary.”

The website study engineering: packaging technology describes packaging technology in detail. “Packing must not only protect and convey the goods, but also be logically manufactured, efficiently planned, and appropriately printed.” It should also be user-friendly, portable, and eco-friendly.”

Packaging technology is all around us. It’s used to keep commodities safe, divide them out, store them, transport them, and advertise them. Packaging technology is significant in logistics since it is the last stage in intralogistics and the beginning of extralogistics.

Have you given it any thought?

Packaging technologies continuously surround our daily lives. Almost everything we may purchase is packed, from potato chips to furniture to toothpaste. Manufacturers don’t only use it to move their products. Packaging may also have a marketing component that should not be overlooked. The American packaging maker Westrock observed in their research “Packaging Matters” that packaging is becoming more essential in our purchase choices.

Materials used in packaging

When they start packing them up, they have to figure out which kind of package material is best for their products. It refers to the raw material or substance used to make the package. The term “packaging material” means that.

People choose paper for the packaging engineer because it is light and stable. He makes a few cardboard boxes in the end.

There are a lot of different materials to choose from. Among them are:

Plastic Packaging

Plastic is, without a doubt, the most widely utilized packaging material on the planet. It is used to carry and sell commodities in the shape of foils, crates, bottles, and other containers. Bioplastics are becoming more popular since traditional polyethene-based plastics are more damaging to the environment.

Renewable raw materials are broken down into individual molecules, then reassembled in a new sequence to make bioplastics. Consequently, the chemical has almost identical characteristics as crude oil-based polymers.

Paper or Cardboard Packaging

One of the most often used packing materials is paper or cardboard. Small and medium-sized commodities in cartons and boxes are transported using this method. A corrugated board that has been specially treated is exceptionally stable and may stabilize other packing materials.

Metal Packaging

Packaging engineers often use metal such as cans and aluminium. Metal is a durable material that can be recycled and reused once used and cleaned. Also, the metal container creates a light, air, and water-resistant barrier. It’s also pest and rodent-resistant. Its use is widespread since it can be heated and chilled for sterilization. If correctly treated with convenient lacs, it does not react negatively with the food within.

Wood Packaging

For shipping boxes and cartons, wood is used as a raw material. High-end spirits and wines are examples of products where wood is utilized to accentuate the worth of the product. The wood packaging uses to pack, transport, handle, preserve, present and give and add value to the following food products and sectors:

Fruit and vegetable, fish and seafood , wines and spirits , oils, cheese and dairy, meat and conditioned meat, bread and bakery and dried fruits.

Glass Packaging

For millennia, glass has been employed in packaging technologies. Bottles, jam jars, and prescription bottles aren’t easy to picture life without them. Glass is the most stable of all packing materials since it is inert and impermeable. Toxic chemicals have no chance of getting into glass-packaged food or drinks. There is no need for any extra barriers or chemicals.

What tasks does packaging have to perform?

It serves a variety of purposes. The following are the five most important:

1. Self-contained

An essential part of packing is ensuring that any product can be stored safely and suitably. Depending on what the items are, packaging may include making and distributing containers like boxes and packages, bottles, paper and paper bags, plastic bags, and so on, depending on how they are packaged. Depending on the items, we carry or store items in warehouses or showrooms, the proper containers or boxes.

2. Safety and security

Packing’s primary or most significant purpose and goal are to keep things secure and fresh. Sun, rain, dust, bug, air, and other factors may cause items to be lost, damaged, lose quantity and quality, lose color, lose size, and so on. Packaging helps to protect products from sun, rain, dust, insects, air, etc. The items are packaged in appropriate materials to ensure that they are transported in good condition from one location to another. In certain circumstances, packaging extends the product’s life. Packaging can protect glass-made goods, food products, and various items from cracking, breaking, rotting, adulteration, and other problems.

3. Identifying yourself

Packing provides a brief overview of various items and their manufacturers. Every manufacturer or mediator chooses a color, size, and style of container or box to differentiate their goods from rivals. Customers can easily distinguish between similar-nature items from various companies due to this. Customers may immediately identify and purchase items from their preferred business or brand when they see the box. On the box, you’ll often find information such as the product’s name, the name of the manufacturing company, the materials used, the weight, the product’s quality, and the intended usage.

4. Publicity

Another critical goal and function of packaging are to increase product sales. When a product is wrapped attractively in appealing material, it helps to promote sales. Attractive packaging attracts clients’ attention, piques their interest in the goods, and encourages them to purchase.

5. Affluence

Another role of packing is to establish product brand esteem. A renowned product is high quality and appropriately packed in excellent material. Customers’ attitudes about the goods become bad even if the product is acceptable, but the packaging is unappealing. As a result, the packaging is a crucial part of a company’s image and status.

What is the environmental effect of packing technology?

The packaging business produces much waste. Packaging comes in two varieties: plastic and metal. Plastic packaging can’t be reused or composted, but metal and renewable raw materials can be used repeatedly. A lot of plastic is made every year: 300 million tonnes are made. A lot of it goes into the world’s oceans. In this case, it doesn’t completely dissolve but instead breaks down into smaller and smaller pieces (microplastics). Bacteria eat microplastic, which then moves up the food chain and ends up in our bodies.

Plastic pollution in the oceans has received a lot of attention in the past few years. The “Ocean Cleanup” project has been getting a lot of attention from the media. In 2013, Boyan Slat, who was 19 years old, started it. By 2016, he had raised $ 2.2 million in donations from people.

How much is packing technology automated?

There are three stages of automation in packaging technology: manual, semi-automated, and completely automated.

Application case for manual packing technology: The picker gets multiple distinct client orders. After visiting the warehouse and selecting the necessary goods, the picker returns to the workplace. He folds a box, puts the products inside, and tapes it together.

An example of how semi-automated packing technology might be used: The order picker stays at the pick station at all times. An erector folds and glues the cartons, and a packing machine makes sure the cartons are ready to be shipped. Take the products off the conveyor belt and put them into a carton in a space-saving way. That’s all there is to it!

Also Read: How to build an ecommerce website from scratch ?


Packing technology allows items to be moved by using one or more layers of packaging material to move them. People choose paper for the packaging engineer because it is light and stable. Glass is the most stable in it because it is inert and doesn’t let things get in or out. Packing aids like adhesive tapes, strapping tape and pallets are all familiar. They also use cables, wires, labels and belts, seals, sealing clips, and dispensers. Glass is used in packaging for a long time. Bottles, jam jars, and prescription bottles aren’t things that are easy to picture in your daily life without. People use packaging to keep glass-made goods, food products, and other things from breaking, rotting, being tampered with, and other things from happening. Beer in a clear glass bottle goes bad much faster than beer in a dark container. 

According to the German WDR science show, Quarks & Co. Items are packed with suitable materials to be moved from one place to another in good condition. Depending on the items, we carry or store items in warehouses or showrooms, the proper containers or boxes. Every person who makes or sells a product chooses its colour, size, and style. Thus, we can say that packaging technology plays a vital role in attracting clients and directly affects business.

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